Condensed Matter Physics, 2004, vol. 7, No. 3(39), p. 451-470, English

Title: On the statistical mechanics of an adiabatic ensemble
Authors: S.N.Andreev, A.A.Rukhadze, A.A.Samokhin (A.M.Prokhorov General Physics Institute of RAS, 38 Vavilova Str., 119991 Moskow, Russia)

Different descriptions of an adiabatic process based on statistical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics are discussed. Equality of the so-called adiabatic and isolated susceptibilities and its generalization as well as adiabatic invariants are essentially used to describe adiabatic processes in the framework of quantum and classical statistical mechanics. It is shown that distribution function in adiabatic ensemble differs from a quasi-equilibrium canonical form provided the heat capacity of the system is not constant in adiabatic process.

Key words: adiabatic process, statistical ensembles, fluctuations, linear and nonlinear response
PACS: 05.20.Gg, 05.30.Ch

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