Condensed Matter Physics, 1999, vol. 2, No. 2(18), p. 255-265, English

Authors: M.M.Bogdan, A.M.Kosevich (B.I.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Lenin Ave., 310164, Kharkov, Ukraine), G.A.Maugin (Laboratoire de Mod\'{e}lisation en M\'{e}canique, Universit\'{e} Pierre et Marie Curie, Boite 162, Tour 66, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France)

The concept of soliton complex in a nonlinear dispersive medium is formulated. It is shown that interacting identical topological solitons in the medium can form bound soliton complexes which move without radiation. This phenomenon is considered to be universal and applicable to various physical systems. The soliton complex and its ``excited'' states are described analytically and numerically as solutions of nonlinear dispersive equations with the fourth and higher order spatial or mixed derivatives. The dispersive sine-Gordon, double and triple sine-Gordon, and piecewise models are studied in detail. Mechanisms and conditions of the formation of soliton complexes, and peculiarities of their stationary dynamics are investigated. A phenomenological approach to the description of the complexes and the classification of all the possible complex states are proposed. Some examples of physical systems, where the phenomenon can be experimentally observed, are briefly discussed.

Comments: Figs. 1, Refs. 15, Tabs. 0.

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