Condensed Matter Physics, 2023, vol. 26, No. 1, 13507
DOI:10.5488/CMP.26.13507
arXiv:2211.14048
Title:
Potts model with invisible states on a scalefree network
Author(s):

P. Sarkanych
(Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 79011 Lviv, Ukraine;^{4} Collaboration & Doctoral College for the Statistical
Physics of Complex Systems, LeipzigLorraineLvivCoventry, Europe),


M. Krasnytska
(Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 79011 Lviv, Ukraine; ^{4} Collaboration & Doctoral College for the Statistical
Physics of Complex Systems, LeipzigLorraineLvivCoventry, Europe;
Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie Théoriques, Université de Lorraine, VandoeuvrelesNancy, 54506, France)

Different models are proposed to understand magnetic phase transitions through the prism of competition between the energy and the entropy. One of such models is a qstate Potts model with invisible states. This model introduces r invisible states such that if a spin lies in one of them, it does not interact with the rest states. We consider such a model using the mean field approximation on an annealed scalefree network where the probability of a randomly chosen vertex having a degree k is governed by the powerlaw P(k) ∝ k ^{λ}. Our results confirm that q, r and λ play a role of global parameters that influence the critical behaviour of the system. Depending on their values, the phase diagram is divided into three regions with different critical behaviours. However, the topological influence, presented by the marginal value of λ_{c}(q), has proven to be dominant over the entropic influence, governed by the number of invisible states r.
Key words:
spin models, phase transitions, complex systems, scalefree networks, entropy, redundant states
